THE MICHIGAN OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, 1974 P.A. 154, AS AMENDED, REQUIRES POSTING OF THIS DOCUMENT IN A CENTRAL AND CONSPICUOUS LOCATION. FAILURE TO DO SO MAY RESULT IN PENALTY.
The Michigan Occupational Safety and Health Act (MIOSHA) — Act No 154 of the Public Acts of 1974, as amended — provides job safety and health protection for Michigan employees through the maintenance of safe and healthful working conditions. Under MIOSHA and a state plan approved in September 1973 by the U.S. Department of Consumer & Industry Services is responsible for administering the act. Department representatives conduct job-site inspections and investigations to insure compliance with the Act and with safety and health standards.
The contents of this poster describe many important provisions of the Act. These provisions apply equally to employee and employers in either private industry or the public sector.
MIOSHA requires that each employer:
MIOSHA requires that each employee:
Inspections and investigations are conducted by trained personnel. The Act requires that an employer representative or investigation.
If a representative of employees does not participate, the department representative will consult with a number of employees concerning matters of safety or health in the place of employment.
Employees and employee representatives who believe that an unsafe or unhealthful condition exists in their workplace have the right to request an inspection by giving written notice to the Department of Consumer & Industry Services. If a condition exists which may present an immediate danger the Department should be notified in the most expedient manner without regard to a written notice. The names of the complainants will be kept confidential and not revealed upon the request of the employee. Employees also have the right to bring unsafe or unhealthful conditions to the attention of the Department representative during the conduct of an inspection or investigation.
The Act provides that employees may not be discharged or in any manner discriminated against for filing a complaint or exercising any of their rights under the Act. An employee who believes he or she has been discriminated against may file a complaint with the Michigan Department of Consumer & Industry Services within 30 days of the Alleged Discrimination.
The U.S. Department of Labor is monitoring the operation of the Michigan occupational safety and health program to assure the effective administration of the state act. Any person may make a written complaint regarding the state administration of the state act directly to the Regional Office of OSHA, 230 South Dearborn, Chicago, Illinois 60604.
If upon inspection or investigation the Department of Consumer & Industry Services believe that a requirement of the Act has been violated, a citation alleging such violation and setting a time period for correction will be issued to the employer. The citation must be prominently posted at or near the place of alleged violation for three days or until the violation is corrected, whichever is later.
The act provides for first instance penalties of up to $7,000 for a violation. Penalties up to $7,000 per day may be assessed for failure to correct a violation within a proposed abatement period. Any employer who willfully or repeatedly violates the Act may be assessed penalties of up to $70,000 for each such violation. Employers may appeal the alleged citation, the proposed penalties or the abatement periods to the Department and to the Board of Health and Safety Compliance and Appeals. Employees also may appeal the abatement period to the Board of Health and Safety Compliance and Appeals any decision issued by the Department in response to an employer appeal.
Criminal penalties also are provided for in the Act. A person who knowingly makes a false statement or report pursuant to the Act, upon conviction, is punishable by a fine of up to $10,000 or may be imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both. Any willful violation resulting in death of an employee, upon conviction, is punishable by a fine of up to $10,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year or both. A second conviction doubles the maximum monetary penalty and is punishable by imprisonment for up to three years.
The Act encourages employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards voluntarily.
The Michigan Department of Consumer & Industry Services offer limited on-site consultation assistance to employers to assist them in achieving compliance with occupational safety and health standards. Training Specialists are available and can give advice on the correction of hazardous conditions and on the development of safety and health programs. Department staff is available to conduct seminars and training relative to occupational safety and health for both employer and employee groups. Requests for service should be addressed to the department at the address shown below.
The U.S. Department of Labor will continue to enforce federal standards governing maritime operations of long shoring, shipbuilding, ship breaking and ship repairing. These issues are not covered by the Michigan Plan for Occupational Safety and Health.
Department of Consumer & Industry Services
Bureau of Safety and Regulation
State Secondary Complex
7150 Harris Drive, Box 30643
Lansing, Michigan 48909-8143