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Biology Overview

CAREER INFORMATION
Graduates from the Biology Program have a wide variety of career opportunities available to them. Marygrove’s graduates are working as teachers, research assistants in hospitals and universities, doctors, dentists, college professors and supervisors in industry.

Our graduates have stated that the strong background in biology, library and laboratory research experiences; oral and writing communication skills requirements; and computer literacy training provided them with the tools to become successful leaders in their chosen fields.

POTENTIAL CAREERS
College Professor  •  Dentist  •  Ecologist  •  Environmentalist  •  Food Scientist  •  High School Teacher  •  Laboratory Technician  •  Medical Doctor  •  Nurse  •  Paramedic  •  Physical Therapist  •  Pharmacist  •  Research Assistant  •  Sales Representative  •  Science Journalist                                        

GENERAL INFORMATION
The Department of Biology offers undergraduate programs for students interested in careers in teaching; research; graduate study; medical, dental and nursing schools; scientific illustration; technical writing; industrial technology; pharmaceutical work; the Peace Corps; natural resources; public health; and food and drug technology.

As a student in the biology department, you will take courses in organismal and molecular biology, chemistry, mathematics and physics. You will be prepared professionally and academically, and your course work will be practical, comprehensive and specialized.

SPECIFIC INFORMATION
The Bachelor of Science degree program with a major in biology is designed to provide you with a broad-based biology curriculum. You will experience laboratory investigations and observations, field work, individual research projects with a faculty member, and preparation of library and laboratory research papers. Students can choose three different areas of concentration in pursuing the B.S in Biology:  a traditional Pre-professional Studies concentration, and Environmental Studies concentration, or a Secondary Teacher Certification concentration.

A minor in biology provides you with knowledge and skills to complement your major area of study-usually, but not limited to chemistry or mathematics-while expanding career options such as teaching.

SPECIAL ELEMENTS OF THE PROGRAM

Program Scheduling
The B.S. in Biology program is primarily a day program, although some courses are offered in the evening on a rotating schedule.

Transfer Student Information:
The department accepts transfer credits according to the college guidelines.  However, major coursework older than 10 years, from time of admittance, will be transferred in as elective credit and may not be applied to the major. Students may petition to the department chair for the older credits to be applied towards the major.

Credit for Prior Learning
Learning derived from life experiences and from individual study is of significant academic value and can often be equated with college-level studies.  Students may earn credit by examination, tutorial study and cooperative work experience. Permission of the department chair is required to select these options. Not more than four credit hours in cooperative work experience may be counted within the 128 credit hours required for a degree.

Academic Performance Standard
Only required courses with a grade of C or better can be applied to fulfill the Biology major or minor.

Computer Literacy Requirement
Proficiency in Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) must be achieved prior to graduation. Students’ computer literacy will be evaluated and assessed through the Junior and Senior seminar course sequence.

Writing Intensive Requirement
All science majors must take ISC 312: Junior Seminar as their writing intensive course.  

Senior Seminar Requirement
Students must successfully complete ISC 496A and ISC 496B in order to graduate with a B.S. in Biology.

Internship/Cooperative Education
It is strongly encouraged that students participate in a summer undergraduate research experience either with a Marygrove College faculty member, or by securing an off-campus internship or fellowship before they graduate.  Students may receive elective credit for an internship through BIO 388, BIO 488, and/or BIO 491.

Sigma Zeta National Honor Society
Sigma Zeta is a national science and mathematics honor society.  It was founded at Shurtleff College, in Alton, Illinois in 1926.  Today, more than sixty local chapters are active in colleges and universities across the United States.  The society encourages and fosters achievement of greater knowledge in the fields of science and mathematics.  Outstanding scholastic achievement in the fields is recognized through membership in this society.

Awards
Students may be eligible to win the following departmental awards based on their scholarly work. The awards are the Chemical Rubber Company Award for the highest achieving GPA in General Chemistry I/II, and the Outstanding Graduating Science Major.  Women in the sciences are also eligible for the Suzanne Fleming Scholarship.  This scholarship is given to a woman who demonstrates financial need, potential in science and on their scholarly work.

Course Descriptions

BIO 118     Medical Terminology                                           2 hours
Prerequisites: None; Term: Fall, Winter
This course is designed for students with an active interest in the medical and paramedical fields. The course provides the student with the fundamental principles needed to understand medical vocabulary. The student will learn to use the techniques of word building with an emphasis on spelling, pronunciation and the meanings of medical terms.

BIO 139     Principles of Biology                                           4 hours
Prerequisites: Completion of developmental and foundation courses; Term: Winter, Summer; Fee: yes. General Education option – not for science majors.
This course is a survey of the major generalizations of biology with an emphasis on molecular and cellular mechanisms, organismic structures and functions, basic concepts in genetics, the principles of evolution, and the interdependence of all living things with the environment. The laboratory exercises introduce the student to the process of scientific investigation and laboratory technique. Students will examine various biological structures and survey representatives of the five kingdoms of living organisms. Laboratory included.

BIO 141      Nutrition Through the Life Cycle                        3 hours
Prerequisites: MTH 099; Term: Fall, Winter
Fundamentals of nutrition and its effect on the individual’s growth, development, and total health; related topics of current concern, including weight control, dietary fats, fiber, and world health; impact of culture and environment on food choices. Computer nutrition analysis.

BIO 150     Biology I: From Molecules to Cells                     4 hours
Prerequisites: MTH 100, ENG 108; Term Fall, Winter Fee: yes. General Education option for science majors only
Biology 150 is a course which, together with Biology 151, is designed to give the student a broad experi¬ence in the biological sciences. This course empha¬sizes the cellular and molecular aspects of biology. Science majors, including many health professionals, are the intended audience. Laboratory included.

BIO 151     Biology II: Unity & Diversity of Life                     4 hours
Prerequisites: MTH 100, ENG 108; Term Winter, Fee: yes
This course is designed to give the student a broad experience in the biological sciences. In this course we deal mainly with the organismal and supra-organismal levels of biological organization. Evolution will be the unifying theme. The diversity, form, function, and ecology of organisms will be covered, with particular emphasis on plants and animals. Science majors, including many health professionals, are the intended audience. Laboratory included.

BIO 201     Ecology and the Environment                             4 hours
Prerequisites: LS 105, ENG 107; Term Fall, Summer. Fee: yes.  General Education option. Cross-listed with ENV 201
This course is a survey of the basic concepts of ecology, natural resources and ecosystems, relationships between humans and their natural environment, and the magnitude and scope of global environmental problems. Emphasis is placed on critical thinking skills and use of the scientific method. Laboratory is included.

BIO 226     General Zoology                                                    4 hours
Prerequisites: BIO 150, BIO 151. Term: Fall; Fee: yes. Offered alternate years
This course deals with the general principles of zoology. Beginning with an introduction to the classification of the animal kingdom, the major groups of invertebrate and some vertebrate animals will be surveyed. Emphasis will be placed on development, structure, function, reproduction, and evolution. Laboratory exercises will enable the student to directly observe internal and external morphology of selected animal groups and will provide for observations and experiments with various living organisms.  Laboratory included.

BIO 234     General Botany                                                      4 hours
Prerequisite: BIO 150; BIO 151, Term: Fall; Fee: yes. Offered alternate years
This course deals with a survey of the plant-like protists, the fungi, and members of the plant kingdom. Students study the process of photosynthesis and its relevance to life on our planet. They then study the life cycles and reproduction of plants. Transport systems of vascular plants are covered in detail. In addition the anatomy and physiology of all plant-like organisms, their growth and development is studied. The current success and diverse numbers and species of plants are related to their evolutionary success and role in the earth’s ecosystems. Laboratory exercises enable the students to directly observe the structure of botanical organisms and provide for observations and experiments with living organisms. A field collection of leaves is required.  Laboratory included.

BIO 257     Human Anatomy and Physiology                         4 hours
Prerequisites: Completion of developmental and foundation courses, BIO 118 recommended; Term: Fall, Summer; Fee: yes. General Education option – not for science majors.
A survey of human anatomy and physiology with selected labs. Topics include cells, metabolism, tissue and skin. Also includes the skeletal and articular, mus¬cular, digestive, circulatory and lymphatic, endocrine, respiratory, urinary, reproductive and nervous systems. .  Laboratory included.

BIO 267        Clinical Anatomy and Physiology                     4 hours
Prerequisites: BIO 150;  BIO 118 recommended; designed for science majors and minors - not for general education; Term Fall, Winter; Fee: yes.
This course is a study of human anatomy and physiology with virtual human cadaver labs as well as other hands on selected labs. Topics include: tissues and the following systems: integumentary; skeletal and articular, muscular, digestive; blood, cardiovascular and lymphatic circulatory, endocrine, respiratory, urinary, reproductive, nervous, and their major diseases. This class is not for general education, it is specifically for science majors and minors. .  Laboratory included.

BIO 321        Microbiology                                                       4 hours
Prerequisites: BIO 150 and one semester of chemistry; Term: Fall; Fee: yes.
Microorganisms with emphasis on bacteria and viruses, form, structure, reproduction, genetics, physiology, me¬tabolism and identification, disease, transmission and control.  Written lab reports required.  Laboratory included.

BIO 347        The Teaching of Biology                                    3 hours
Prerequisites: Admittance into Phase III Teacher Certification Candidate; Term: Winter. Offered as needed
Philosophical basis for science teaching; survey of special programs in biology; specific objectives, materials and curriculum planning for biology; emphasis on role of laboratory in biology teaching. Observations of classroom/laboratory teaching.

BIO 360        Biochemistry                                                       4 hours
Prerequisites: BIO 150, CHM 140, CHM 325, Term: Fall; Fee: yes. Offered alternate years; Cross-listed with CHM 360
Biochemistry 360 is an advanced-level course for students majoring in chemistry or biology. This course provides an overview of fundamental concepts in biochemistry which focuses upon the major macromolecules and chemi¬cal properties of living systems. Topics include the structure, function and metabolism of amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids; the physical properties of water, pH, and buffers; enzyme kinetics and regulation. The principles of bioenergetics and the integration of metabolic control will be developed. Laboratory included.

BIO 388        Cooperative Field Experience                            1-4 hours
Prerequisites: Junior standing, biology major, departmental approval; Term: Fall, Winter, Summer
Supervised work experience in activity related to an area of specialization. This is planned in consultation with advisor, co-op supervisor and employer. Recording, reporting and evaluation of experience will be required.

BIO 410       Special Topics in Biology                                    3 hours
Prerequisite: Junior status in the major;  Term: TBA
Selected topics and issues in biology as chosen by the instructor.  

BIO 485        Genetics                                                               4 hours
Prerequisites: BIO 150, BIO 151, CHM 140, CHM 325; Recommended MTH 325. Term: Winter; Fee: yes.  Offered alternate years
Study of hereditary material, its chemical and physical nature. Transmission and function will be emphasized. Mendelian inheritance, human genetics and evolution.  Written and oral lab reports required. Laboratory included.

BIO 488        Cooperative Field Experience                            1-4 hours
Prerequisites: Senior standing, biology major, departmental approval; Term: Fall, Winter, Summer
Supervised work experience in activity related to an area of specialization. This is planned in consultation with advisor, co-op supervisor and employer. Recording, reporting and evaluation of experience will be required.

BIO 490        Cell and Molecular Biology                                4 hours
Prerequisites: BIO 150, BIO 151; BIO 321 recommended, one semester of general college chemistry, one semester of organic chemistry; Term: Winter; Fee: yes. Offered alternate years
Cell doctrine, genes, cell metabolism, biosynthesis, photosynthesis, molecular replication, transcription, mutation and regulation of cell processes, biochemistry. Lab included. Formal lab reports and oral presentation required.

BIO 491        Independent Study                                            1-4 hours
Prerequisites: Permission of instructor; biology major or minor; Junior status; Term: Fall, Winter, Summer
Opportunity to earn credit for the independent study of a course not listed in the catalog as a specific offering. By arrangement.

ISC 312        Junior Seminar                                                        3 hours
Prerequisites: Junior standing in the major, ENG 312; Term Fall, Winter;
Junior Seminar has been designed to help science majors improve their writing AS SCIENTISTS.  Competence in writing in science requires critical evaluation of one’s work.  In order to encourage the development of critical thinking, students critique published work as well as write essays, reviews, and research reports.  The heart of the course lies in the weekly interaction between the instructor and students through discussion both in class sections and one-on-one.  A weekly lecture provides structure and continuity and allows consideration of other topics such as interviewing and resume writing, poster presentations, ethics in science, and the nature of science and creativity.  This is the program’s writing intensive course.

ISC 496A        Science Senior Seminar: Library Research         2 hours
Prerequisites: ISC 312; Senior standing in major. Term: Fall, Winter;
This course is designed for senior science majors to have the opportunity to write and orally present a research proposal. This will include conducting a literature review and designing an original research project.  Students carry out their research project in ISC 496B.  Use of computer for informational searches, data analysis, and word processing; oral presentations and final research paper required.

ISC 496B        Science Senior Seminar: Laboratory Research   2 hours
Prerequisites: ISC 496A; Senior standing in major; Term: Fall, Winter; Fee: yes.
This course is designed for senior science majors to conduct research with the direction of a faculty member.  The student will carry out a research project of their own design. Specifically students will conduct experiments, write up the results of those experiments, write up the conclusions based on those results and present the results and conclusions of the project both in written and oral formats.

Bachelor of Science, Biology Major (B.S.)

The requirements for a Bachelor of Science degree with biology major are a minimum of 39 credit hours in biology and completion of the following components:


A. General Education Requirements


See the general education requirements page

B. Required Core Courses

BIO 150        Biology I: From Molecules to Cells
BIO 151        Biology II: Unity and Diversity of Life
ISC 312        Junior Seminar
ISC 496A      Science Senior Seminar: Library Research
ISC 496B      Science Senior Seminar: Laboratory Research

C.  Area of Concentration
Students completing a Biology major must concen¬trate in a specific area below:

Biology Concentration (traditional)

Choose three out of the four following courses:
BIO 321        Microbiology
BIO 360        Biochemistry
BIO 485        Genetics
BIO 490        Cell and Molecular Biology

Choose three out of the five following courses:
BIO 201        Ecology and the Environment
BIO 226        General Zoology
BIO 234        General Botany
BIO 267        Clinical Anatomy & Physiology

Related Discipline Requirements
CHM 140      General Chemistry I
CHM 241      General Chemistry II
CHM 325      Organic Chemistry I
CHM 326      Organic Chemistry II
MTH 251      Calculus I
MTH 252      Calculus II
                        -OR-
MTH 325       Statistics

Environmental Studies Concentration

BIO 201         Ecology and the Environment
BIO 234         General Botany
BIO 321         Microbiology
BIO 485         Genetics

Related Discipline Requirements
CHM 140       General Chemistry I
CHM 241       General Chemistry II
CHM 325       Organic Chemistry I
CHM 350       Environmental Chemistry
ENV 135        Earth Science
ENV 320        Introduction to Environmental Sustainability
ENV 370        Environmental Policy and Regulations
MTH 325        Statistics

Biology Concentration for Secondary Teacher Certification
BIO 201         Ecology and the Environment
BIO 226         General Zoology
BIO 234         General Botany
BIO 267         Clinical Anatomy & Physiology
BIO 321         Microbiology
BIO 347         The Teaching of Biology
BIO 485         Genetics
BIO 490         Cell and Molecular Biology

Related Discipline Requirements
CHM 140       General Chemistry I
CHM 241       General Chemistry II
CHM 325       Organic Chemistry I
CHM 326       Organic Chemistry II
MTH 251       Calculus I
MTH 252       Calculus II
                        -OR-
MTH 325       Statistics

D. Suggested Electives
BIO 118         Medical Terminology
BIO 388         Cooperative Field Experience
BIO 488         Cooperative Field Experience
BIO 410         Special Topics in Biology
BIO 491         Independent Study

Minor in Biology

A minor in biology consists of a total of 20 credit hours in biology and 8 credit hours in chemistry divided as follows:

A. Core Requirements
BIO 150        Biology I: From Molecules to Cells
BIO 151        Biology II: Unity and Diversity of LifeB. Electives


At least three courses from the following:
BIO 201        Ecology and the Environment
BIO 226        General Zoology
BIO 234        General Botany
BIO 267        Clinical Anatomy and Physiology
BIO 321        Microbiology
BIO 360        Biochemistry
BIO 485        Genetics
BIO 490        Cell and Molecular Biology

C. Related Discipline Requirements
CHM 140      General Chemistry I
                        -AND-
CHM 241      General Chemistry II
                        -OR-     
CHM 325      Organic Chemistry I


Minor in Biology for Secondary Teacher Certification
BIO 150        Biology I: From Molecules to Cells
BIO 151        Biology II: Unity and Diversity of Life
BIO 201        Ecology and the Environment
BIO 226        General Zoology
BIO 234        General Botany
BIO 347        The Teaching of Biology
BIO 267        Clinical Anatomy and Physiology
CHM 140      General Chemistry I
                        -AND-
CHM 241      General Chemistry II
                        -OR-     
CHM 325      Organic Chemistry I

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