B.A., Indiana University in Bloomington (French & Japanese); M.A.T, Bowling Green State University, Ohio (French); Ph.D., Wayne State University (Romance Languages: Spanish & French) Areas: Detective Fiction in Latin America, twentieth-century Latin American literature, Hispanic films, French and Spanish language acquisition, twentieth-century Francophone literature, Cultural Studies.
A.B., University of Michigan; M.A., Michigan State University; Ph.D., Southern Illinois University. Post-graduate studies: University of Birmingham (England). Member, Finnish Center Association Board. Evolutionary psychology theory; Psychology of esthetics; Finnish-American studies.